Excommunication and the Fourth Crusade

This was the ultimate punishment for any Catholic person or nation, excommunication was a way to restrict people from participating in the Catholic Church and being unable to receive sacraments. It wasn’t designed to punish or ban people from the church, but it was a way to make them struggle to repent from their sins. … Read moreExcommunication and the Fourth Crusade

The Papal States and the Ottomans

One of the greatest things that the Papal States could do in the Middle Ages was declare ‘Holy War’ or a Crusade, on a specific nation, target, or group of people. This allowed for a period of relative peace within Europe as various Christian kings took up the sword and moved to defend their faith … Read moreThe Papal States and the Ottomans